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The Gender Pay Gap in the Health & Care Sector

This report by ILO talks about the impact of covid 19 on the healthcare sector and its gender pay gap and the different work conditions for men & women. It also evaluates that women’s contribution to the healthcare sector is much needed.


Skilling Imperative in India : The Bridge Between Women & Work

This report by ORF studies the challenges, abysmal participation, external factors and the possible scope for expansion in skilling of women. It aims to address the widening gender disparity in the non-traditional fields of work and education in ITIs. The paper further goes on to explore the outcomes of the existing programmes and suggests digitization and public-private partnerships for inclusive skilling in the future.


Why aren’t Women Part of the Conversation?

This report by BBC Media Action highlights, India is the largest market for social media platforms like WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. However, 55% of women own a mobile phone compared to 75% of men users.


Women at Work: 2022 Global Report

This Women at Work Deloitte Reports is a survey of 5000 women conducted across 10 countries. It aims to understand how women’s experiences in the workplace impact their engagement and career progression.


Women, Business, and the Law - Economy Summary: India

This Women, Business, and the Law - Economy Summary Report publish by World Bank talks about the female labor force participation rate in India and affects of the Law in India. It also states that the WBL index score of India is  74.4 out of 100 which is the second highest of the 8 economies in South Asia. 

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Intersecting Identities, Livelihoods and Affirmative Action

 This report by IWWAGE sheds light on the male-female gap and indifference and issues faced by women disguised as norms. Women from stigmatised and marginalised groups are disadvantaged along two dimensions and have to battle the double stigma of this intersectionality. This report promotes Women Entrepreneurship.


What Determines Women’s Labour Force Participation in India?

Labelled as an emerging economy, India saw steady growth in the national income before the COVID-19 pandemic. The IWWAGE Report investigates the unusual pattern of ‘jobless growth’ putting the female workforce in the spotlight, which has been on a constant decline despite a multitude of positive factors- rising educational attainment, declining fertility rates, and increasing household incomes

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Women’s Entrepreneurship in India

The report documents the status of female entrepreneurs in India and the socio-cultural and economic constraints faced by them. For women in developing countries, entrepreneurship can be an important tool to achieve equity and a better quality of life. The report also discusses various government initiatives undertaken to promote women’s entrepreneurship in India

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Women's labor force participation in India

Women’s labour force participation is abysmally low, and persistent gender gaps characterize the Indian labour market. Their participation has been declining despite the rise in GDP, increasing educational attainments, rising household incomes, and declining fertility. Read this report to see updates and highlights on women's labour force participation in India.

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Informal work and maternal and child health

Mothers who work in the informal sector support their households, carry out motherly duties and go through physical and mental trauma during childbirth. This report explores the link between the informal sector on maternal health and possible explanations of why informal work has remained outside research and policy agendas of global public health.

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Towards Decent Work For Domestic Workers

The report puts the spotlight on the struggles faced by the domestic workers and the additional burdens caused by the pandemic. This report highlights the lacunae in the present state of affairs and urges the policy changes in favour of the domestic workers as 80% of them are women- the marginalised section of our society.

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Gender and Covid-19 Policy Response

The report titled “Covid-19- Emerging gender data and why it matters”, originally published by UN Women highlights the differential impact of the pandemic on men and women, the immediate
health impact, and toppled women's hard-earned progress. To track this, the UN Women and UNDP have developed a Covid-19 Global Response tracker with 1299 measures.


Invisible Entrepreneurs

This report is an attempt at understanding the landscape of market linkages for women-led home- based businesses, the emergence of which is the result of the gender-specific barriers faced by women in labour force participation. There is tremendous scope to formalize these women-led home-based businesses which in turn will contribute towards economic development.


Generating Female Employment through Public Employment

IWWAGE’s report provides an insight into how public sector jobs can help improve female labour force participation. The study aims to understand the correlation between women’s engagement in public services and their participation in the labour force. The jobs created this way benefit low-income households and also have positive multiplier effects on output.


Participatory Theatre Empowers Women

To minimize the impact of the pandemic on the world of work, ILO constituents reviewed India Decent Work Country Programme (DWCP) 2018-22 – a five year overarching tripartite strategy to achieve ‘Decent work for All’. Read on this report to see the updates on key activities and achievements for the same for the period of February – April 2021.


Building Forward Fairer: Women's Rights to Work During COVID-19

Over 18 months into the COVID-19 pandemic, gender equality in the world of work has been set back years. Women have suffered disproportionate job/income losses, due to over-representation in the hardest-hit sectors. Many continue to work on the front line, sustaining care systems, economies and societies, while often also undertaking the majority of the unpaid domestic & care work.


Gender In Focus

The Gender in Focus Report (July 2021) shines a light on how the pandemic has affected women by engaging in multiple debates around issues, including for example, whether women should be paid wages of house work, how data can be collected from women especially when only phone surveys are feasible, and how the Indian economy can build forward, whilst keeping the movement equitable for all.


India's Missing Working Women

The report focuses on the participation of women in the workforce and the reasons behind the visible decline in their participation. It highlights that women’s labour force rates have declined to their lowest levels since independence with women’s average wage remaining below that of men. 

Powering the Economy with Her

Powering the Economy with Her

The report by Google and Bain starts with the premise that India's growth story has left unrecognised the role of one particular group of people - women. Although India has developed in many parameters, this growth does not extend to women, who are left behind when it comes to economic inclusion and development. 

Women in Healthcare

Women in Healthcare

This McKinsey report highlights that about 66% of all entry- level healthcare employees are women, as compared to the 49% across all US industries. At a senior level, the share of women declines to 30%.  Greater diversity will help healthcare companies more closely reflect the patients and customers.

Global Gender Gap Report 2021


Global Gender Gap Report 2021

Gender gaps in societies have started to become growing concerns as the COVID-19 pandemic has struck. The World Economic Forum Centre for the New Economy and Society has come out with a report on the four key dimensions which are Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival, and Political Empowerment. 

From Insights to Action

From Insights to Action

The report puts the spotlight on the struggles faced by the domestic workers and the additional burdens caused by the pandemic. This report highlights the lacunae in the present state of affairs and urges the policy changes in favour of the domestic workers as 80% of them are women- the marginalised section of our society.


Assessing the Gendered Impact of COVID-19

The gendered employment policy tool is a joint program by UN Women and ILO. It provides analytical frameworks and data suggestions to assess the gender differentiated employment effects of the COVID-19 crisis. It consists of a checklist to help construct a map of the gendered structure of a given economy with emphasis on pre-existing gender inequalities in the labour market.

Covid-19 and Gender Equality

COVID-19 and Gender Equality

The report puts the spotlight on the struggles faced by the domestic workers and the additional burdens caused by the pandemic. This report highlights the lacunae in the present state of affairs and urges the policy changes in favour of the domestic workers as 80% of them are women- the marginalised section of our society.

On Women Back

On Women's Back

 The gendered division of labor begins right at home, where females are caregivers and men are breadwinners. The Oxfam report, titled ‘Unpaid Care Work and Violence Against Women and Girls at a Crossroads: A Case for Behaviour Change of Dominant Social Norms’, addresses this issue in its latest India Inequality report. 

Status in Employment

Status in Employment

Women form an integral part of the workforce population where over the last two decades, the percentage of salaried women workers worldwide has increased at an accelerating rate. Integrating women into the monetary economy is essential so that they can receive a steady income and have access to good working conditions. 

Voices from the Field


Voices from the Field

The report by IWWAGE & Krea University highlights the role of women’s collectives and SHGs in providing key resources such as health checks, masks and community kitchens during the pandemic, it identifies the key challenges, provides recommendations and opportunities to strengthen women’s collectives

Employment of Women & Men

Employment of Women and Men by Economic Sector

This report by UN’s The World’s Women 2020 exhaustively covers the latest trends & statistics that aim to reveal the state of gender equality all over the world across all the economic sectors.

Time Use Survey 2019


Time Use Survey 2019

The Time Use Survey conducted by the NSO from January to December 2019 is a comprehensive, one-of-a-kind survey that gives detailed information about the time disposition of men and women in both rural and urban areas, and how they go about allocating their time across various paid and unpaid activities.

Future of Women at Work

The Future of Women at Work: Transitions in the Age of Automation

While most of the redundant work would be automated by 2030, there will be whole new skill-sets needed to work. This report by Mckinsey provides details on kind of skills women should attain in this era of technology to facilitate their transition, making them ready for Industry 4.0 and demand the same set of wages and status as men.

Time to Care - Wealth Inequality & Unpaid Care Work for Women

Time to Care: Wealth Inequality and Unpaid Care Work for Women

Oxfam India deconstructs the abstract phenomenon of unpaid care work & highlight its crippling impact on women’s economic independence and their labor force participation. After analysis of different factors, the report concludes that unpaid care work being primarily women’s responsibility further entrenches gender inequality.

Progress of the World's Women

Progress of the World's Women 2019-2020

The UN Women report analyses key issues such as employment, unpaid care work, violence against women, migration, and family laws. The report highlights, of women aged 15–49 in India, only 26 percent receive a wage or income of their own, with no account of care work.

Time Spent in Unpaid Work


Time Spent in Unpaid Work

Did you know on average, women spend around three times the number of hours on unpaid household work as compared to men? This report by the UN analyses women’s work burden and how much time they spend in unpaid work which also affects their work-life balance.


Women at Work

The report puts the spotlight on the struggles faced by the domestic workers and the additional burdens caused by the pandemic. This report highlights the lacunae in the present state of affairs and urges the policy changes in favour of the domestic workers as 80% of them are women- the marginalised section of our society.


Women and Men in India

The report puts the spotlight on the struggles faced by the domestic workers and the additional burdens caused by the pandemic. This report highlights the lacunae in the present state of affairs and urges the policy changes in favour of the domestic workers as 80% of them are women- the marginalised section of our society.

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Women and Online Work in India

This report by Tandem Research surveyed with 365 women working on online platforms with primary focuses on Indian women who find employment through various freelancing and microwork platforms. The study aims to examine workforce participation and women's financial independence, working conditions.


Women@Work: A Global Outlook

This report by Deloitte Global conducted a survey of 5000 women across 10 countries, to understand the impact of the pandemic on gender equality in the workplace. It further highlights that shed light on the different gaping hole created by the pandemic on gender parity at the workplace.


How Indians View Gender Roles in Families and Society

The research paper by Pew Research Center intends to decipher this complexity by exploring gender norms in families and societies. Most Indians say that both women and men should be responsible for earning money (54%), caring for children and making family decisions (73%)


Vadgaon - The Village of Electricians

Read this awe-inspiring story of a small village near Aurangabad that boasts of 22 female electricians, who have been skilled at our very own Pratham Skilling Center in Khultabad. In a field dominated by men, one of our team members discovers and chronicles how three girls created this ripple effect and now ‘she’ is in charge.

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India Discrimination Report 2022

This report by ILO talks about the gender discrimination in the labour market. They have further deeper analysis  of inequality of wages and earnings  in rural and urban areas. It has also pointed out few areas where there is  of discrimination based on caste in the labor market.


Global Gender Gap Report 2022

This report by World Economic Forum highlights s the current state and evolution of gender parity within 146 countries globally across four key dimensions, with a special focus on gender gaps in the workforce as an emerging crisis. According to this report, gender parity in participation in labour-force has been declining in South Asia and North Africa since 2013.

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Women at Work in G20 Countries.

The report gives a brief about issues of female employment in comparison to male employment rate. It also highlights Covid-19 impact on the women employment ratio showing an increase in the rate of women employment in the year 2012 to 2019. Women and men earnings, security, working hours etc should increase more in G20 countries.


Create Gender Equitable Workforce

This report is an analysis of women employment. According to this report, in 2019, India's women’s employment has decreased to 27% and around 83% of women have low income from household, low infrastructure for women households. It also talks about promoting education for women and their employment.


Indian Female Migrants 

A report by The Lancet shows that Indian female migrants face greater barriers to post-Covid recovery than males, particularly in the states of Chhattisgarh and Bihar, due to traditional gender roles and caste bias. The study found that women faced more hardship due to lower rates of remigration and market re-entry.

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