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Labor Day Campaign

Labor groups in India are widely acknowledged as marginalized groups within the Indian community, excluded from several national policies and schemes. This has resulted into exacerbated vulnerabilities, poverty traps and risks of discrimination. Pratham's Labor Day campaign this year focused on raising awareness about the impact of Covid-19 on informal labor, details of which can be found below.


Informal Sector

A blue-collar worker is a worker engaged in manual work. They may be unskilled, semi-skilled, or skilled but what they have in common is their experience of working on some of manual labor in an industrial enterprise. Blue-collar workers typically receive irregular income which is paid weekly, hourly, or on incentive basis.


Migrant Labor

According to the 2011 census, the number of internal migrants (inter and intra-state migrants) in India amounts to a total of 45 crore people, almost 37% of the nation’s population. Of this statistic, around 29% are daily wage workers. Interestingly enough, most of the internal migrant population is made up of women who migrate for marriage.


Invisible Work

Domestic and unpaid care work has never been accurately measured or included in economic activity. Needless to say, majority of this work is done by women. Despite its economic significance, most of this work done is unseen, unaccounted, rendering these workers "invisible". 


Labor Codes and Reforms

The Ministry of Labor and Employment has categorized all existing labor laws into four “Labor Codes”, following the recommendation of the 2nd National Commission of Labor.  This categorization is a welcome step compared to current legislations, for a variety of reasons.

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